update time：2023-01-19 11:16:32
Rapid Impact Compaction with the Rapid Impact Compactor (RIC) is an innovative method in the field o...
The selection of the compaction method (DC or RIC) and plant type for a particular project, will depend on ground and groundwater conditions, and requirements for design and execution. Each system has merits and limitations. It is important that these are understood and considered in the design and application of DC/RIC on a particular site and in the context of the prevailing ground conditions. Indeed, it may be necessary for more than one technique to be employed at a particular site to gain maximum benefit.
Typically, the RIC method is used for the treatment of essentially granular fills in order to improve their geotechnical properties (stiffness and bearing capacity) and to reduce settlement. RIC design firstly involves geotechnical characterisation of the soils to be treated, with emphasis placed on quantifying in-situ relative density and grading characteristics. Groundwater level is an important factor for consideration of suitability of the RIC method as shallow groundwater level can act as a hydraulic barrier reducing effective energy transfer to the fill materials. However, it is the “compaction trial” (discussed under testing and quality control), which provides the designer with the necessary information to permit refinement of the design. With ground improvement techniques involving surface impact such as RIC there cannot be direct control of treatment depth, as would be the case with vibro stone columns. A critical element of RIC design therefore is the depth to which a particular treatment is effective.
With RIC the total energy input will have a major influence on the depth of compaction. With the rapid impact compactor the energy per blow is very much smaller than conventional DC and the fixed energy per blow of typically 8.4 t.m is not the major influence on the depth of compaction due to the progressive top down improvement of the treated ground. Of much greater significance to the effective depth of compaction is the number of blows at a compaction point or the energy applied overall to the ground surface. For typical impact spacing, 35 blows will impart about 170 tonne.m/m2 of energy. This level of energy input has produced significant compaction to depths between 3 and 4 m in non-engineered generally granular fill and up to about 3 m in natural sand and silty soils using a 7 t hammer.
Rapid Impact Compaction with the Rapid Impact Compactor (RIC) is an innovative method in the field of near surface and deep compaction techniques. The RIC is a dynamic compaction device based on piling hammer technology. Dynamic energy is imparted by a falling weight dropping from a controlled height onto a patented foot. The foot of the device remains in contact with the ground; thus, the energy is transferred to the ground safely and efficiently.
The RIC, imparts energy by dropping a 5 to 9 tonne weight from a relatively small height of 1.2 m at a blow rate of 30 to 80 times a minute. Depending on the ram weight, the maximum energy delivered per blow is 59 to 106 kNm. Although the energy per blow is small compared to the conventional DC, the rapid blow frequency amply compensates, resulting in a greater power that varies between 2.4 to 6.4 MNm/min. Thus, a much greater total energy input per unit area of a site can be achieved with RIC. Moreover, the energy transfer of the RIC is far more effective due to its foot which stays in contact with the ground during the impact sequence.